History of Mexico
Soak up the history of the country thanks to the historical events that you can observe in the official website of the government of Mexico, more contemporary facts about Mexico or very popular places because of the legends behind them.
History of Mexican Independence
The struggle for Mexican independence began in the region of Querétaro, specifically in 1810 and ended in 1821, after 11 long years. It was Miguel Hidalgo who on September 16 promoted the mobilization of the people against the Spanish government. The conspiracy to organize this uprising, which finally ended in conquest, was hatched several years beforehand.
Timeline of Mexico’s history
- 1810: the Mexican independence movement begins after years of conspiracies in the shadows.
- 1811: assassination of the main architects of the uprising, among them Miguel Hidalgo. They hang their heads in the Alhóndiga de Granaditas.
- 1813: José María Morelos convokes the first independent congress, three years later he is assassinated.
- 1817: Torres, Francisco Xavier Mina, among others, continue the struggle for Mexican independence.
- 1821: The army of the Three Guarantees, led by Agustín de Iturbide proclaims the Plan of Iguala, to finally achieve the country’s independence.
History of the conquest of Mexico
It was Hernán Cortés who landed on the shores of Tenochtitlán in 1519. Later, in 1521, his army, along with the support of several indigenous peoples, would head to the capital city of Tenochtitlan, where they fought a battle that would conquer the city and put an end to the Aztec empire.
This victory happened, among other reasons, due to the wear and tear of the Aztecs, due to the diseases that the Spaniards brought with them, in addition to their advantage in battle. To this day we remember that great unequal victory in which 100,000 Aztecs were killed against the few deaths of 1,000 Spanish soldiers.
History of education in Mexico
As early as the Mesoamerican period, citizens taught different arts and knowledge to the higher classes. Later, with the arrival of the Spaniards and the viceroyalty, it was the Catholic Church that taught religion and religion-focused education.
Already in the 19th century, the project of the Lancasterian company began, in charge of founding the basic and easily accessible schools that would foster the development of education in the country throughout the years.
History of the mummies of Guanajuato
It is in the city of Guanajuato where you will find one of the most curious museums in the region, the Museum of the Mummies. It displays a dense collection of mummified bodies, including more than 100, among them women, men and even fetuses.
These date back to the 19th century, due to the impossibility of the families to pay to keep the bodies in the Santa Paula cemetery. Legend has it that the deceased must have suffered paralysis after catching the plague. This disease made them look dead, since all the bodies seemed to have the same facial expression, but in reality they had supposedly awakened once they were buried.