The tropical forest
For those who have not yet read about the Mayan jungle and everything related to its climate, vegetation, species and much more, you may be interested in knowing the basics about it.
The Mayan jungle
The Mayan jungle is located between different territories comprising Belize, Guatemala and southeastern Mexico.
Tropical forest climate
These are usually regions with abundant rainfall almost all year round, in excess of 2,000 mm per year. The temperature does not usually fall below 18 degrees Celsius, since the habitat that comprises it is necessary that the warmth is very common.
Characteristics of the tropical forest
It is currently considered one of the most important vegetation systems in the world, not only in America. It also holds the title of being the largest in all of Mesoamerica. In its interior of about 14 million hectares, there are more than 20 ecosystems that help the development of the territory of the Yucatan Peninsula.
Tropical forest vegetation
Among the different species of plants that exist in the Mayan jungle, the most characteristic are the ramón tree, cacao and chicle. Among the different species of fauna are the jaguar, the scarlet macaw and the white turtle.
Rainforest in Mexico
The official name is high evergreen rainforest, in which the size of the grass is between 30 and 15 meters high. Due to the large size of their leaves, leaf fall and other characteristics, these ecosystems are unique and very complex.
These are home to countless species of flora and fauna: for example, you can find red cedars, heart flower or avocado trees, among many other types of trees. It is also not surprising that there is a large number of animals such as the royal toucan, the boa, the rattlesnake or the river crocodile.
Tropical forests in Mexico
- Los Petenes Biosphere Reserve
- Bonampak Natural Monument
- Palenque National Park
- Usumcinta Canyon Flora and Fauna Protection Area
In addition to Belize, the country’s tropical forests are found in places with abundant rainfall such as Campeche, Chiapas and Tabasco. The main problems that the forests are currently suffering are the changes caused by man.
Agriculture, cattle ranching, climate change, logging, among others, have caused Mexico’s forests to become endangered. Many organizations are fighting to raise awareness of the current ravages so that the situation can be gradually reversed.
For example, although we have not mentioned all the areas of tropical rainforests that exist in the country, we must highlight the Bonampak Natural Park, where the most important paintings and frescoes of the territory stand out. It is located within the Selva Lacandona, one of the natural habitats with the largest number of butterfly species in existence.